Despite what you may have gleaned from watching Keeping Up with the Kardashians, a comprehensive new study has found that men are more narcissistic than women.
After reviewing 360 journal articles, dissertations, manuscripts, and technical manuals—which involved 475,000 participants over the course of three decades—researchers from the University at Buffalo School of Management saw a noticeable difference between the genders involving narcissistic behaviors.
The report, published in the peer-reviewed journal Psychological Bulletin, defines narcissism as "a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy and behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy." In other words: Thinking you're awesome.
"The gender difference consistently favors men, regardless of age," the researchers wrote. "Whereas narcissism levels might decline after young adulthood, it appears that the mean difference between men and women remains stable across age."
What are the real-world implications? According to the researchers, the results suggest that men are "more likely to exploit others and to believe that they themselves are special and therefore entitled to privileges." The study also notes that "men exhibit more assertiveness, motivation to lead, and a desire for power and authority over others." Paging Sheryl Sandberg!
That's right—men's narcissism might be giving them an advantage in the workplace. Previous research has shown that men are more likely to ask for raises, speak up in meetings, and generally act more assertively at the office.
One caveat: When the researchers looked at narcissism connected to vanity, they found the gender gap closed. "Both genders were almost equally likely to endorse characteristics consistent with vanity, exhibitionism, and self absorption," the researchers said. Now if you'll excuse me, I have to go post some selfies.
Taryn Hillin is Fusion's love and sex writer, with a large focus on the science of relationships. She also loves dogs, Bourbon barrel-aged beers and popcorn — not necessarily in that order.