4) Who's been left out of this initiative?

Critics have pointed out that Spain has done nothing to compensate the descendants of thousands of Muslims (or "Moors"), who were also expelled from Spain in the late 15th century. Muslims kings from Morocco invaded Spain in the 8th century, where they reigned over cities like Cordoba and Seville for hundred of years. Granada, Spain's last Muslim city, was taken over by Catholic forces in the fall of 1492.

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5) Why is Spain doing this now?

For many Sephardi Jews, reclaiming their Spanish nationality is a matter of pride, and a way to redeem past injustices and atrocities. For several years now, Jewish groups have been pressuring the Spanish government to make it easier for their community members to regain their Spanish nationality.

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Spain is also losing immigrants from Latin America due to its current economic crisis, and for the past two years its overall population has actually declined, so this new law could help to bring some fresh, talented immigrants to the economically-struggling country.

According to Spanish newspaper El Pais, the government of Spain is also trying to make amends with Israel, after it voted for Palestinian membership in the UN last year.

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Manuel Rueda is a correspondent for Fusion, covering Mexico and South America. He travels from donkey festivals, to salsa clubs to steamy places with cartel activity.